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Are Medication Errors a Public Health Issue?



Are Medication Errors a Public Health Issue?

Medication errors are becoming an increasingly concerning public health issue, with thousands of people being harmed each year due to incorrect treatments. While much of the conversation around public health focuses on diseases, injuries, and other health-related issues, the various types of medication errors can have just as serious of an impact on individuals and their families. In this article, we investigate the impact of medication errors, exploring how they occur and what can be done to reduce the risk of harm. Keep reading to learn more about this important public health issue.

The Serious Impact of Medication Errors

If you’re studying to obtain a Bachelor of Science in Public Health, you’ll need to know about the impacts that medication errors have on the public. Medication errors have a serious impact on public health and safety. Medication errors occur when they’re prescribed, administered, or dispensed incorrectly. This can lead to patients receiving the wrong medication, incorrect dosages, interactions between drugs, allergic reactions, and even death. In fact, it’s estimated that medication errors contribute to over 100 thousand adverse events each year in the United States alone.

These types of errors cause many problems for both patients and health care providers alike. Patients may experience physical discomfort or pain due to taking an incorrect drug or dose; they may develop chronic conditions such as diabetes if their insulin levels are not properly managed; or they may suffer from psychological trauma if a mistake results in severe injury. Health care providers face financial losses due to legal costs associated with malpractice suits resulting from these mistakes as well as increased costs of providing additional medical services caused by medication errors.

Examples of Common Medication Errors

Medication errors are an issue of public health concern due to their potential for causing harm and leading to costly medical expenses. Examples of common medication errors include prescribing the wrong dose, incorrect timing or administration, incorrect drug selection, failing to recognize adverse reactions, and failure to document the use of medications properly.

  • Prescribing the wrong dose: This type of error occurs when a health professional prescribes too much or too little medication for a particular condition. It can also happen if different doses are prescribed for different patients with similar conditions such as when two children with asthma receive drastically different doses from the same doctor.
  • Incorrect timing or administration: This type of error is another frequent mistake that can occur in pharmaceutical care settings where multiple drugs must be administered at precise times throughout the day. In this case, it’s critical that all medications are given on time and in the correct order so they don’t interact negatively with each other and cause unexpected side effects or other issues.
  • Incorrect drug selection: This error is yet another common mistake associated with prescription medications—particularly when there are multiple options available for treating a single condition but only one specific drug should be used due to its unique properties.
  • Failure to recognize adverse reactions: Adverse reactions may sometimes go unrecognized if health care professionals fail to monitor how their patients respond to certain treatments over time, leading them down an unnecessary path toward more severe forms of treatment that could potentially worsen their overall health rather than improve it.
  • Failure to document the use of medications properly: Proper documentation is essential in preventing medication errors since mistakes often occur when information about what was prescribed isn’t recorded accurately enough for future reference. Proper documentation helps ensure everyone involved knows exactly what was prescribed and why to reduce the chance that mistakes will be made down the line.

Preventing Medication Errors


It’s essential that health care professionals receive adequate education and training to reduce the risk of medication errors. This includes education on the proper storage and handling of medications, the proper use of medications, and the proper administration techniques. In addition, health professionals should receive training on how to properly identify and monitor patients for potential medication errors.

Training should include the use of technology to reduce the risk of medication errors. Health care professionals should be trained in the use of electronic medical records (EMR) and electronic prescribing systems (EPS). These systems can help health professionals quickly identify and monitor potential medication errors.

Health care professionals should also be trained in the proper disposal of medications. Medications that have expired or are no longer needed should be disposed of properly to reduce the risk of contamination. Health professionals should also be trained in the proper procedures for administering medications to ensure they’re being administered in the safest and most effective manner possible.

Finally, health care professionals should receive training in the recognition of potential adverse reactions. This training includes learning to recognize the signs and symptoms of an allergic reaction and the warning signs of potential drug interactions.

Overall, medication errors are a serious public health issue that must be addressed. The potential for harm and the cost of preventable errors are great, and the difficulty in identifying and addressing errors is immense. It’s paramount that health care providers, administrators, and researchers continue to identify and reduce medication errors to improve patient safety and reduce healthcare costs.

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Features of CBD Capsules




Features of CBD Capsules

CBD, unlike other cannabinoids, is not intoxicating, which means it does not provide the “high” that some people associate with cannabis. CBD interacts with the ECS differently than other cannabinoids and may offer some therapeutic advantages.

A substance present in the cannabis plant is known as cannabidiol or CBD. Numerous possible health advantages may result from this substance.

Additionally, CBD may be used therapeutically to manage illnesses and alleviate symptoms. However, CBD-containing products might adversely affect certain people, like any medicine.

CBD capsules are one of the most convenient ways to consume your daily dose of CBD. They are tasteless, easy to digest, and do not get you high.

Capsules are made when CBD manufacturers encapsulate active ingredients in digestible casings that eventually dissolve in the stomach.

Easy to take

CBD capsules are a great way to get CBD into your daily routine without much effort. They are quick to take and can be taken anytime, anywhere. It makes them the perfect option for anyone on the go or short on time.

They also tend to be easier to swallow than other forms of CBD, such as tinctures or oils. Since you know the amount of CBD per capsule, you can use them to adjust your daily intake.

Another benefit of the best CBD capsules is that they are shelf-stable and can last longer if stored properly. However, keeping them in a cool, dry place is essential, like all supplements.

Easy to store

Capsules are a convenient and safe way to take CBD. They’re usually packaged in a sturdy travel-safe container that protects them from damage during transportation. They also come in handy for those with limited space in their suitcase or backpack.

When choosing the suitable capsule, look for a formulation with high levels of linalool, a terpene found in cannabis and lavender. Linalool has been shown to promote restful sleep and relieve anxiety.

Another essential factor to consider when buying a CBD capsule is the ingredients list. For example, if you’re a vegetarian, look for a product that doesn’t contain gelatin.

Then, be sure to store your capsules away from heat. That’s because they can melt or degrade if exposed to extreme temperatures.

Keeping your CBD products in a cold, dark location is excellent. It will help them to retain their potency for longer.

In addition, you should make sure to store your CBD oil in an airtight container. It will prevent the oil from oxidizing and losing its terpenes and cannabinoids.

It’s also a good idea to store your CBD products in a cool pantry away from appliances that produce heat. These include dryers, heaters, ovens, and refrigerators.

Easy to administer

CBD capsules are easy to administer and offer a convenient way to start using the supplement. In addition, they come in pre-measured sizes, making it easy to track your dosage.

They’re also easy to store and transport, so you can take them on the go whenever you feel like it. Plus, they’re an effective way to keep CBD in your system longer.

You can find CBD capsules with different concentrations, so it’s a good idea to start low and work your way up. It will help you find the right concentration for you.

When choosing a capsule, it’s essential to ensure the product is free of additives like gelatin and artificial colors. It is because it may impact the product’s quality and outcomes.

Whether you’re trying to combat stress or improve your sleep, CBD capsules can be an excellent option. They contain melatonin, which promotes a sense of relaxation.

However, you should still talk to your doctor if you take prescription medications or other supplements. Many drugs can interact with CBD, and some may have unpleasant side effects.

Easy to transport

Unlike tinctures, CBD capsules are easy to carry in your bag and can be slipped into your toiletry case when you travel. TSA agents are also less likely to confiscate them, making them a safer choice for travelers.

They have various strengths, so they’re a good option for beginners. Some contain a full spectrum of cannabinoids, while others are only broad-spectrum (containing zero or very little THC).

If you’re visiting a nation where CBD is prohibited or looking for a safer way to get your daily dose of cannabidiol, then a broad-spectrum product is a great choice. It will help you feel the calming effects of cannabinoids without getting high, which is ideal for travel.

Capsules can be quickly taken by swallowing them or putting them in a glass of water. However, it would be best to start taking them within 30 minutes at the very least to allow the CBD to work through your digestive system before the effects kick in.

They can be taken up to six times a day, and many people find that they last between 6 and 8 hours. So taking another capsule a few hours later is a good idea if you have a hectic day or are dealing with a lot of stress.

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GHK-Cu and Copper Peptide: The Benefits and Science Behind Them




GHK-Cu and Copper Peptide: The Benefits and Science Behind Them

Copper peptides are a type of naturally occurring compound that has been found to have various benefits for the skin and body. GHK-Cu, or copper tripeptide-1, is a specific type of copper peptide that has gained popularity in recent years due to its potential anti-ageing and healing properties. In this article, we will explore the science behind GHK-Cu (copper peptide), their benefits for the skin and body, and how to incorporate them into your skincare routine.

What are Copper Peptides?

Copper peptides are small protein fragments that contain copper ions. They are naturally occurring compounds that are found in the human body and have various biological functions. Copper peptides have been shown to have antioxidant properties and can help to stimulate collagen production, which can lead to improved skin elasticity and reduced fine lines and wrinkles.

What is GHK-Cu?

GHK-Cu, or copper tripeptide-1, is a specific type of copper peptide that is made up of three amino acids: glycine, histidine, and lysine. GHK-Cu is found naturally in the human body and has been shown to have various biological functions, including wound healing, anti-inflammatory effects, and antioxidant properties. GHK-Cu has also been found to stimulate collagen and elastin production, which can lead to improved skin firmness and elasticity.

The Benefits of GHK-Cu for the Skin:

GHK-Cu has been found to have numerous benefits for the skin. Here are some of the key benefits:

Stimulate Collagen Production

Copper peptides have been found to stimulate collagen production in the skin. Collagen is a protein that is responsible for skin elasticity and firmness. As we age, collagen production decreases, which can lead to fine lines, wrinkles, and sagging skin. By stimulating collagen production, it can help to improve skin firmness and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Improve Skin Texture

Copper peptides have been found to improve skin texture by increasing the production of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). GAGs are natural moisturizers that help to keep the skin hydrated and plump. By increasing GAG production, GHK-Cu can help to improve skin texture and reduce dryness.

Reduce Inflammation

Copper peptides have been found to have anti-inflammatory effects, which can help to reduce redness and inflammation in the skin. This can be particularly beneficial for people with inflammatory skin conditions such as acne or rosacea.

Promote Wound Healing

Copper peptides have been found to promote wound healing by stimulating the production of new skin cells and blood vessels. This can help to speed up the healing process and reduce the risk of scarring.

Antioxidant Properties

Copper peptides have been found to have antioxidant properties, which can help to protect the skin from free radical damage. Free radicals are unstable molecules that can cause damage to cells and contribute to the aging process. By neutralizing free radicals, GHK-Cu can help to protect the skin from premature ageing.

How to Incorporate Copper Peptide into Your Skincare Routine?

Copper peptide is available in a variety of skincare products, including serums, creams, and masks. When incorporating GHK-Cu and copper peptides into your skincare routine, it is important to follow the instructions on the product packaging and start with a small amount to test for any potential skin reactions.

Here are some tips for incorporating GHK-Cu and copper peptides into your skincare routine:

Start with a Serum

One of the most popular ways to incorporate GHK-Cu and copper peptides into your skincare routine is by using a serum. Serums are lightweight and easy to apply, and they are typically formulated to deliver high concentrations of active ingredients to the skin. Look for a serum that contains GHK-Cu or copper peptides as one of the main ingredients, and apply it to clean, dry skin before moisturizing.

Use a Moisturizer

Another way to incorporate GHK-Cu and copper peptides into your skincare routine is by using a moisturizer that contains these ingredients. Moisturizers are an essential part of any skincare routine, as they help to hydrate the skin and protect it from environmental stressors. Look for a moisturizer that is specifically formulated to target signs of aging and contains GHK-Cu or copper peptides as one of the main ingredients.

Try a Face Mask

If you are looking for a more intensive treatment, you may want to try a face mask that contains GHK-Cu or copper peptide. Face masks are designed to deliver a high concentration of active ingredients to the skin, and can help to improve skin texture, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, and promote a more youthful-looking complexion.

Use Sunscreen

It is important to remember that copper peptide can make your skin more sensitive to the sun. To protect your skin from UV damage, it is important to use broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 every day, even if you are not planning to spend much time outdoors.


GHK-Cu and copper peptides are naturally occurring compounds that have numerous benefits for the skin. From stimulating collagen production to reducing inflammation and promoting wound healing, these ingredients can help to improve skin texture, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, and promote a more youthful-looking complexion. If you are interested in incorporating copper peptide into your skincare routine, be sure to look for products that contain these ingredients as one of the main active ingredients.


  1. Is copper peptide safe for all skin types?

GHK-Cu and copper peptides are generally considered safe for all skin types, but it is important to test for any potential skin reactions before incorporating these ingredients into your skincare routine.

  • How long does it take to see results from GHK-Cu?

Results may vary depending on the individual and the specific product being used, but many people report seeing improvements in skin texture and firmness within a few weeks of starting to use GHK-Cu.

  • Can GHK-Cu be used with other anti-ageing ingredients?

Yes, GHK-Cu can be used with other anti-ageing ingredients such as retinoids and vitamin C.

  • Are there any side effects associated with copper peptide?

Copper peptide is  generally well-tolerated, but some people may experience mild skin irritation or redness. If you experience any adverse effects, stop using the product and consult a dermatologist.

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How Schisandra Can Help You Reduce Stress and Balance Your Life




How Schisandra Can Help You Reduce Stress and Balance Your Life

Schisandra (Schisandra chinensis), also known as Wu Wei Zi and Five Flavour Berry (fun fact: it contains all flavours; sour, bitter, sweet, pungent and salty). It is a popular Asian herb that has a long history of use. It grows wild in the mountains of China and Russia and has recently become popular with Western herbalists due to its adaptogenic properties. It’s one of the reasons people are using schisandra to improve their memory, focus, concentration and energy levels, and even help contribute to healthy aging.

History of Schisandra Berry

Schisandra has been used for thousands of years in Chinese medicine and traditional herbalism. It is said that the ancient Chinese believed it could improve physical performance, mental acuity, vitality and longevity. In fact, some historians believe that schisandra was one of the herbs used by Chinese warriors to keep them alert during battle so they could react quickly without hesitation. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), schisandra is believed to affect all 12 meridians of the body. In western medicine, we can translate this as acting on all of the organs of the body.

Using Schisandra For Stress Support and Balance

Schisandra helps provide support and balance to the body, especially during times of stress.

Many people feel overworked and overwhelmed, with stress being a major problem for people today. The solution to stress is not as simple as just relaxing more, it’s a complex problem that involves your entire body chemistry. Luckily, you can rely on a class of herbs called adaptogens. Adaptogens are non-toxic herbs that increase resistance to a variety of physical, chemical and biological stresses. They were defined by Russian botanist and pharmacologist Nicolai Lazarev in 1954. Interestingly, schisandra was first coined as an adaptogen and was referred to as an “adaptogen agent” in the 1950s in Russia.

Here are some of the health benefits you may find with schisandra:

•    Stress support: Schizandra helps regulate the nervous system by supporting its natural balancing processes, which helps keep you calm and focused throughout the day. It’s also not a stimulant like caffeine; it won’t put you on edge or make you feel jittery like some energy-boosting formulas might do. Studies of Schizandra’s pharmacological effects have shown that the herb can increase physical working capacity while exerting protection against stress.

•    Fatigue: Adaptogens are very adept at helping the body reverse fatigue without stimulating the body in the same way that caffeine does. One study showed that schisandra (and other adaptogens) improved energy, including mental and physical performance in participants with mild fatigue.

•    Mood support: In one animal study, schisandra was shown to provide anti-depressive effects through effects on dopamine and GABA, two neurotransmitters known for their relaxing and “feel good” properties.

•    Beauty benefits: Though we don’t often think of adaptogenic herbs as supplements that boost beauty, schisandra may make you believe otherwise. It’s sometimes referred to as the “beauty berry,” because it provides both anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits that can not only combat the effects of aging but also improve the clarity of the skin, revealing your natural beauty. In fact, schisandra has been used for centuries to keep skin soft, smooth and full of moisture. It can also help reduce the appearance of wrinkles, prevent acne and boost elasticity in aging skin. It’s even said to protect against sun damage due to its powerful antioxidants.

•    Liver health: Schisandra can offer liver detoxifying properties by increasing the activity of liver enzymes while increasing healthy liver cell growth. A healthy liver can help you detoxify the skin from environmental pollutants (like the kind you find in your makeup).

Taking Schisandra as a Supplement

Schisandra supplements are available in both capsule and liquid formats. To support mental performance, doses of 500 milligrams and up to 2 grams can be used. Unlike some other adaptogenic herbs, schisandra can safely be taken long-term. Plus, some herbalists find that the longer you take schisandra, the greater the benefits. In other words, its health benefits only increase over time.

Finding The Right Schisandra Supplement For You

Schisandra by St. Francis Herb Farm is a tincture format that is pure, bioavailable and of the utmost quality. St Francis has formulated this supplement with certified organic schisandra in a base of grain alcohol and distilled water. This gluten-free formula supports respiratory health, liver health and energy and endurance.

To conclude, schisandra is a powerful adaptogen that has been used for thousands of years in traditional Chinese medicine. It can help provide much-needed stress support and balance. Schisandra can also be used to help improve digestion, reduce inflammation, boost immunity, and more.

Disclaimer: The information in this article is intended for educational and informational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult your practitioner prior to taking herbs or nutritional supplements.

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