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Four New Reports Set Scene for Discussions on Climate Finance at COP27

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Four New Reports Set Scene for Discussions on Climate Finance at COP27

UN Climate Change News, 2 November 2022 – A key Committee dealing with climate finance has published four new reports that will form an important basis for discussions by governments at the UN Climate Change Conference COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh (6–18 November). The reports provide clarity on where the world stands in its efforts to mobilize the billions of dollars needed every year to green economies and build resilience to the inevitable impacts of climate change.

The reports published by the UNFCCC’s Standing Committee on Finance (SCF) build upon the experiences of countries, multilateral development banks, Climate Funds, and the financial community at large.

They provide a comprehensive landscape of climate finance from the perspective of current climate finance flows, progress towards achieving the goal of mobilizing jointly USD 100 billion per year, definitions on climate finance, and efforts aimed at making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development (work related to Article 2, paragraph 1(c) of the Paris Agreement).

The reports show that while there has been an increase in the overall global climate finance flows, key targets to mobilize climate finance for developing countries have not been met.

At the same time governments and multilateral institutions have been working on methodologies, policies and approaches to improve the implementation of climate finance targets and scale up effectiveness of climate finance from all sources globally.

Here are the key findings of each report:

Fifth Biennial Assessment and Overview of Climate Finance Flows 

This report shows that global climate finance flows were 12 per cent higher in 2019-2020 than the previous biennium, reaching an annual average of USD 803 billion. The increase was mainly driven by more investment in energy efficiency in buildings, investments in electric vehicles and measures to adapt to climate change, such as building new defences against flooding.

Climate finance from developed to developing countries increased between 6 per cent and 17 per cent in 2019-2020, either directly from developed to developing countries, or through climate funds and multilateral development banks.

The report identified that finance for mitigation (cutting greenhouse gas emissions) constitutes the largest share of climate-specific financial support, but the share of adaptation finance continues to increase and grew at a higher rate than mitigation finance. In addition, adaptation finance is predominantly delivered through grants, while public mitigation finance predominantly takes the form of loans.

Meanwhile, ways to track domestic public climate finance are improving in both developed and developing countries.

The report reiterates that a sole focus on positive climate finance flows will be insufficient to meet the overarching purpose and goals of the Paris Agreement, and that finance flows must integrate climate risks into decision-making and avoid increasing the likelihood of negative climate outcomes.

Report on progress towards achieving the goal of mobilizing jointly USD 100 billion per year to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency of implementation 

The technical report on progress towards mobilizing jointly USD 100 billion per year for consideration by governments at COP27 represents the first effort of its kind undertaken by the SCF and looked at progress across three dimensions of the goal: a) the finance flows for USD 100 billion, b) how the needs of developing countries are being addressed, and c) progress on the context of meaningful mitigation action and transparency of implementation.

The report confirmed the goal was not met in 2020. It also identified the role of international public climate finance as critical in the face of the current economic challenges in developing countries due to extreme weather, food and energy crises.

Furthermore, the report identifies the need to overcome capacity gaps in building project pipelines in developing countries, for example through country platforms and investment plans outlined in national climate action plans (Nationally Determined Contributions, or ‘NDCs’), and the importance to scale up access to climate finance and innovative instruments such as sovereign guarantees.

Work on definitions of climate finance 

This work was based on 18 submissions received from Parties and 4 submissions from non-Party stakeholders. It highlights how views on definitions can differ in three areas: a) what climate-related activities should be financed; b) how finance should be accounted for; and c) which actors should be included.

It finds that different definitions are used for specific purposes such as tracking global climate finance, tracking finance from developed to developing countries, or tracking finance in government budgets.

Work relating to Article 2, paragraph 1(c) of the Paris Agreement (making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development) 

In this work, the SCF identified ways of achieving the goal in Article 2, paragraph 1(c), of the Paris Agreement based on 14 submissions received from Parties and non-Party stakeholders. It identified the type of finance and actors that might be relevant to the goal, in particular asset managers and banks, as well as some ways that Parties could continue to work on this topic.

The SCF also mapped out updated information relevant to the goal. For example, there has been a 16 per cent increase in the number of policy and regulatory measures on green finance since the end of 2020, and a number of new collective initiatives for the financial sector have been established operating under the Race to Zero and the Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero (GFANZ). While there has been a rise in engagement of public sector financial institutions in developing countries in these initiatives, more participation from private financial institutions in developing countries is important for initiatives in the private sector.

Next steps for the consideration of the reports

At COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, the work of the SCF will be launched at a side event on 10 November and will inform the negotiations on finance-related agenda items as well as the high-level ministerial dialogues on the new collective quantified goal on climate finance (on 9 November) and on climate finance (on 14 November).

About the Standing Committee on Finance (SCF)

The Standing Committee on Finance (SCF) is made up of 20 climate finance experts and presided over by two Co-Chairs. The Committee assists the Conference of the Parties (COP) in exercising its functions in relation to the Financial Mechanism of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. This involves: improving coherence and coordination in the delivery of climate change financing, rationalization of the Financial Mechanism, mobilization of financial resources, and measurement, reporting and verification of support provided to developing country Parties. More information on the committee can be found here.

LINKS TO REPORTS

The Fifth Biennial Assessment and Overview of Climate Finance Flows  can be found here.

The Report on progress towards achieving the goal of mobilizing jointly USD 100 billion per year to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency of implementation can be found here.

Work on definitions of climate finance can be found here.

Work relating to Article 2, paragraph 1(c) of the Paris Agreement (making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development) can be found here and here.

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La Redoute awards Esmod Roubaix student

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La Redoute awards Esmod Roubaix student

La Redoute, ready-to-wear apparel and home decor brand, is a partner of Esmod Roubaix, and each year it awards a prize to one of the fashion school’s third-year students at the end of the fashion show marking the end of the course.

Joséphine Macaire Lopez was announced as the winner with her upcycled collection entitled Preemption. In her colourful universe, the student worked on the accumulation of fabrics by using dead stocks and focusing on the mixture of materials.

“This award salutes audacity, singularity, and this time extravagance. I take into account the passion of these young people and their involvement. But from year to year, the work is more successful; they consider the garment’s marketing. The highlighting of this work must be more consistent: the pieces of the winner will be exhibited in the showroom of Univers Presse, the Parisian press office of La Redoute, at the start of the school year”, Sylvette Boutin-Lepers, head of creative and image partnerships, revealed in a press release.

The Esmod Roubaix end-of-year fashion show was held on June 21 and 22 at the Salle Watremez. In addition to La Redoute, other partners took part in the event, including Le Printemps Lille, Tape à l’Oeil, Maison de Mode and Jules.

The article was originally published on FashionUnited.fr, and it was translated into English by Andrea Byrne.

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ASEAN Chairmanship: Kadin will Present Seven Achievements

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ASEAN Chairmanship

ASEAN Chairmanship

These programs are very important to become legacies introduced by Indonesia to the ASEAN.

Jakarta (ANTARA). The Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin), which chairs the 2023 ASEAN Business Advisory Council (ASEAN-BAC), will present seven past developments on five priority issues during Indonesia’s ASEAN Chairmanship this year.

The information was shared by Kadin Chairman and ASEAN-BAC 2023 Chairman Arsjad Rasjid at the press conference for the “ASEAN Chairmanship Transfer Ceremony” from Cambodia to Indonesia here on Monday.

Three of the seven legacies include digitization programs focused on fintech and e-commerce, namely ASEAN QR Code (Quick Response), ASEAN P2P (peer-to-peer) lending platform and WIKI Entrepreneurship.

Rasjid said that Kadin is working with all the central banks of the ASEAN countries to develop the QR code.

His party also said that WIKI Entrepreneurship will support international trade among Southeast Asian countries, especially for micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs).

In addition, other legacy ASEAN Net Zero Hub and Carbon Center of Excellence programs will be implemented to address environmental sustainability issues.

The ASEAN Net Zero Hub will help the private sector decarbonise and achieve net zero emissions targets at the ASEAN level.

In the meantime, the Carbon Center of Excellence is expected to act as a catalyst for global collaboration to achieve the zero emissions goal, as well as provide opportunities for commercial entities to harness the potential of carbon trading.

The ASEAN Chairman will also introduce the ASEAN One Shot campaign, which will prioritize the establishment of an ongoing regional vaccination program and the strengthening of manufacturing capacity and clinical research, which will be supported by digital infrastructure, by the health sector.

Efforts are aimed at increasing the resilience and preparedness of the regional health system for future pandemics.

This health program will be delivered through multiple collaborations between ASEAN governments, health industry players, and global health organizations.

In addition, a food security program for the agricultural sector with an inclusive circular system model will be implemented to encourage farmers and agricultural MSMEs in the region to become part of the global supply chain.

“These programs are very important in order to become a legacy represented by Indonesia to ASEAN Chairmanship. We have explained these programs to all members (ASEAN-DAK) and thank God they have all been accepted and can be a legacy that Indonesia brings to ASEAN,” added Rasjid.

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Where to Watch ‘2000 Mules’ online for free: How to stream “2000 Miles” Documentary at home

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Where to Watch ‘2000 Mules’ online for free: How to stream “2000 Miles” Documentary at home

Documentary Movie! Here’s options for downloading or watching 2000 Mules streaming the full movie online for free on 123movies & Reddit, including where to watch the anticipated movie 2000 Mules at home. Is 2000 Mules available to stream? Is  watching 2000 Mules on Disney Plus, HBO Max, Netflix or Amazon Prime? Yes we have found an authentic streaming option / service.

Watch Now: 2000 Mules Online Free

2000 Mules is a 2022 American political movie directed by Dinesh D’Souza that makes the claim that throughout the 2020 presidential election, unidentified charitable organizations rewarded Democrat-aligned mules to unlawfully gather and save ballots into collection boxes. They were asked to do it in Pennsylvania, Arizona, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Georgia. If you want to know Where to Watch 2000 Mules, go through the streaming platforms below.

The movie describes the alleged conduct as ballot trafficking with stash residences. Despite the fact that it provides no evidence that votes were illegally collected and placed in drop boxes. Moreover, it provides no claim that any ballots were wrongly thrown. To reveal the interesting part of the story, you must watch it now.

So let’s get started and know where to watch 2000 Mules. Choose any of the streaming platforms or free websites and enjoy streaming. Spend some free time and watch it on weekends.

How to watch 2000 Mules for free

The Independent highlights that 2000 Mules opened in over 270 US theaters on Monday, May 2nd 2022 and you can check for showtimes local to you on the film’s official website. If you’re eager to see the film but want to watch it from home, you’re in luck too.  There’s actually a virtual premiere on Saturday, May 7th 2022 and you can access tickers to that here. 

Watch Now: 2000 Mules Online Free

The online premiere takes place at 8 pm and tickets are available from $20. Alternatively, you can pre-order the DVD for $24.99 and they‘re set to be released to customers on Sunday, May 8th 2022. 

It’s the latest work from Dinesh Joseph D’Souza, an Indian-American right-wing political commentator, New York Times best-selling author, and filmmaker.

Where to Watch 2000 Mules

If you are eager to know about the streaming platforms, keep scrolling and know where to watch 2000 Mules. I know it is really confusing for you to find the right streaming platforms. Get all the information here.

1. 2000 Mules is on HBO Max

HBO Max is a streaming platform, it displays all the HBO along with the must-watch web series, hits, and super hits movies. Also, it has Max originals.  It is available in English, Spanish, Swedish, and many more languages. HBO Max was launched in May 2020.  Also, you can watch 2000 Mules on HBO Max.

Beyond the originals, HBO has a wide range of TV series from channels like CNN, DC, Cartoon Network, Looney Tunes, and Adult Swim.

HBO Max Subscription Plans

HBO Max is available in English, Spanish, Swedish, and many more languages. HBO Max was launched in May 2020. 

Beyond the originals, HBO has a wide range of TV series from channels like CNN, DC, Cartoon Network, Looney Tunes, and Adult Swim.

HBO Max Subscription Plans

  • Basic plan of HBO Max for a month with Ads is $9.99 per month.
  • Basic plan of HBO Max for a year with Ads is $95.88per annum.
  • HBO Ads-free subscriptions for a month are $14.99 per month.
  • HBO Ads-free subscriptions for a year are $143.88 per annum.

2. 2000 Mules is on Hulu

Where to watch 2000 Mules For Free & Is It Streaming on Netflix

Hulu is an American streaming platform. It has a wide variety of television series and films. Smart TV- Amazon Fire TV, Android TV, Apple TV, Samsung Smart TV, LG Smart TV. Hulu became the first platform to add Plus in its name in the year 2010. Hulu’s parent company is Disney Media and Entertainment Distribution. 

Hulu has more than 75 live and on-demand channels like BET, Bravo, Lifetime, MTV, OWN, TBS, TNT, etc. Watch 2000 Mules on Hulu.

Ad-supported plans of Hulu 

  • Hulu plan with ads for a month is available at  $6.99/month.
  • Hulu Plan with ads for a year is available at  $69.99/year.

Without Ad-supported plans of Hulu 

  • Hulu’s plan for watching series and movies without ads is for $12.99/month.

Hulu+ Live Now 

You can subscribe to Hulu+ Live now at $69.99 per month.

Devices to Operate Hulu

Mobile-  Android, iPhone, tablets.

Gaming Consoles- PS3, PS4, PS5

3. 2000 Mules is on Disney Plus

Where to watch 2000 Mules For Free & Is It Streaming on Netflix

Disney plus is a streaming home for Disney, Pixar, Star Wars, etc. It is a platform where you will get new releases, originals, and series from the creators of Disney. 2000 Mules is available on Disney Plus.

The channels associated with Disney plus are Disney Junior, Disney channels, DCOMs, and many more. When you want to subscribe to Disney Plus, you can choose any of the below-mentioned offers.

  • Disney Plus subscriptions for a month are $8 per month.
  • Disney Plus subscriptions for a year are $8 per annum

Where to Watch 2000 Mules Movie for Free

Not everybody can own a subscription. So, what about the people that cannot spend extra money. Well, you can enjoy it by going over all these free sources to stream 200 Mules Movie and watch them now.

  1. StreamNow

Everyone appears to want to view the most famous and sexiest movies and television episodes that are currently available. To watch the movie for free, you can do it with the help of the StreamNow. You can watch the most recent movies as well as the TV episodes without spending the cash. Also, you can watch the 2000 Mules Movie for free.

  1. 123Movies

Everyone appears to want to view the most famous and sexiest movies and television episodes that are currently available. To watch the movie for free, you can do it with the help of the 123Movies. You can watch the most recent movies as well as the TV episodes without spending the cash. Also, you can watch the 2000 Mules Movie for free.

Also, read Where to Watch Jurassic World Free Other Than Peacock in 2022

  1. Telegram Movie Channels

Do you know Telegram can offer you high-quality movies? You can watch any of your favorite movies on Telegram without paying a hefty subscription amount.

Simply, you have to download the Telegram application, select a channel from where you will download a movie, and Tap on the download icon. Thus, the movie will be downloaded in the Telegram folder.

You can now watch your favorite movie on any of the Telegram movie channels.  Also, 2000 Mules is on Telegram movie channels.

Also, read Where to Watch Riverdale Other Than Netflix for Free

  1. PopcornFlix

Where to watch 2000 Mules For Free & Is It Streaming on Netflix

PopcornFlix is one of the top choices of viewers to stream movies online. It is an exclusive site that lets people watch movies online without any glitches. Popcornflix LLC is a webpage and OTT video system that provides free ad-supported streaming video of motion pictures and web series.

Screen Media Ventures, the company’s owner, owns it. Chicken Soup for the Soul Entertainment bought Popcornflix and its main firm in 2017. 2000 Mules is also on PopcornFlix.

Also, read Where to Watch Stranger Things Season 4 Other Than Netflix | Watch for Free in 2022

  1. Vumoo

Where to watch 2000 Mules For Free & Is It Streaming on Netflix

Vumoo is considered to be one of the most trusted sites for movie streaming you can find online. The streaming platform lets you search for your favorite movie online. Being a free movie streaming site, Vumoo has ads and pop-ups but, when it comes to watching the movie of your choice online for free, those ads don’t matter a lot. Watch 2000 Mules on Vumoo.

With a search bar available on the site, all you have to do is to search for the movie you want, and there it is!

The site also keeps updating its content so you do not miss out on the most recent movies to watch.

  1. CmoviesHD

CmoviesHD can be your one-stop to watch and stream free movies online without any sign-up required. CmoviesHD allows you to watch all the latest releases with HD quality. I know you are excited about 2000 Mules and are eager to watch it. So what are you waiting for? Go and explore the streaming platform.

Is 2000 Mules Available On Netflix?

No, 2000 Mules is not available to stream on Netflix and no plans to add it to the platform have been announced. Nevertheless, it’s available to watch on streaming through the virtual premiere, in theaters, and on DVD this May. 

When does “2000 Mules” become available on Amazon Prime?

We’re not sure if Amazon Prime will be getting 2000 Mules anytime soon, but we’ll update this post as soon as we know more. In the meantime, you may check out some other amazing films on Amazon Prime, such as The Irishman and Hustlers.

Whether you want to watch or download 2000 Mules online without having to register or provide your credit card information, Paramount Pictures has you covered. Select the one that’s appropriate for you from the options below.

About 2000 Mules

2000 Mules was released on May 02, 2022 and was directed by Dinesh D’Souza, Debbie D’Souza and Bruce Schooley .This movie is 1 hr 29 min in duration and is available in English language. Dinesh D’Souza, Catherine Engelbrecht, Debbie D’Souza, Eric Metaxas, Gregg Phillips, Larry Elder, Charlie Kirk, Sebastian Gorka and Dennis Prager are playing as the star cast in this movie. 2000 Mules scores a 7.3 digit binge rating out of 10 and is a brilliant movie to watch in the Documentary genre.

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